Leaflet

an open-source JavaScript library
for mobile-friendly interactive maps

← Tutorials

Video on webpages

Video used to be a hard task when building a webpage, until the <video> HTML element was made available.

Nowadays, we can use the following HTML code:

<video width="500" controls>
	<source src="https://www.mapbox.com/bites/00188/patricia_nasa.webm" type="video/webm">
	<source src="https://www.mapbox.com/bites/00188/patricia_nasa.mp4" type="video/mp4">
</video>

To display this video:

If a video can be shown in a webpage in this way, then Leaflet can display it inside a map. It is important that the videos are prepared in such a way that they will fit the map: The video should have a “north-up” orientation, and its proportions should fit the map. If not, it will look out of place.

Bounds of an image overlay

First of all, create a Leaflet map and add a background L.TileLayer in the usual way:

var map = L.map('map').setView([37.8, -96], 4);

L.tileLayer('https://api.mapbox.com/styles/v1/{id}/tiles/{z}/{x}/{y}?access_token=' + mapboxAccessToken, {
	id: 'mapbox/satellite-v9',
	attribution: ...,
	tileSize: 512,
	zoomOffset: -1
}).addTo(map);

Then, we’ll define the geographical bounds that the video will cover. This is an instance of L.LatLngBounds, which is a rectangular shape:

var bounds = L.latLngBounds([[ 32, -130], [ 13, -100]]);

If you want to see the area covered by a LatLngBounds, use a L.Rectangle:

L.rectangle(bounds).addTo(map);

map.fitBounds(bounds);
See this example stand-alone.

Adding the video overlay

Adding a video overlay works very similar to adding a image overlay. For just one image, L.ImageOverlays is used like this:

var overlay = L.imageOverlay( imageUrl, bounds, options );

For a video overlay, just:

	var videoUrls = [
		'https://www.mapbox.com/bites/00188/patricia_nasa.webm',
		'https://www.mapbox.com/bites/00188/patricia_nasa.mp4'
	];

	var bounds = L.latLngBounds([[ 32, -130], [ 13, -100]]);

	var videoOverlay = L.videoOverlay( videoUrls, bounds, {
		opacity: 0.8
	}).addTo(map);

And just like that, you’ll get the video on your map:

See this example stand-alone.

Video overlays behave like any other Leaflet layer - you can add and remove them, let the user select from several videos using a layers control, etc.

A bit of control over the video

If you read the API documentation, you’ll notice that the L.VideoOverlay class does not have a play() or pause() method.

For this, the getElement() method of the video overlay is useful. It returns the HTMLVideoElement (which inherits from HTMLMediaElement) for the overlay - and that has methods like play() and pause(), e.g.

	videoOverlay.getElement().pause();

This allows us to build custom interfaces. For example, we can build a small subclass of L.Control to play/pause this video overlay once it’s loaded:

	videoOverlay.on('load', function () {
		var MyPauseControl = L.Control.extend({
			onAdd: function() {
				var button = L.DomUtil.create('button');
				button.innerHTML = '⏸';
				L.DomEvent.on(button, 'click', function () {
					videoOverlay.getElement().pause();
				});
				return button;
			}
		});
		var MyPlayControl = L.Control.extend({
			onAdd: function() {
				var button = L.DomUtil.create('button');
				button.innerHTML = '▶️';
				L.DomEvent.on(button, 'click', function () {
					videoOverlay.getElement().play();
				});
				return button;
			}
		});

		var pauseControl = (new MyPauseControl()).addTo(map);
		var playControl = (new MyPlayControl()).addTo(map);
	});
See this example stand-alone.